Energic tracteur 512 (available from April/1954).
Energic tracteur 512 and 500 series brochures showing 512 diesel tracteur.
Within the Energic 512 range, there were 2 models available Fermier and Vigneron. With different widths (model Vigneron between 0.85 m to 1.20 m) and mud guards/bavolets as above – same specification engine/moteur, pont, vitesses etc.
Engine/Moteur. Sachs Single cylinder 604cm3, 12-14 cv, 2 stroke Air cooled, alésage 88 x course 100, (The same moteur as found in the 412 motoculteur, 412 treuil and 712 d). With a chamber of pre-combustion. Injection – Bosch. Compression 20:1.
Read more about the Energic moteur supplier Sachs here.
Lubrication. By constant circulation of oil held within the sump of the engine, 3.5 litres. The circulation by pumped pressure also from crankcase compression. (Graissage par pompe incorporée).
Cooling. Air-cooled with a large aluminium fan which is mounted at the front of the engine, running on ball bearings. This system draws air into the hood circulating around the engine, ensuring cooling. this system was tested in extremely high temperatures and proved effective. Refroidissement par air forcé (ventilateur puissant).
Injection. Bosch, high-pressure tubing, Porte injector. Presser of injection 120 kg/cm3.
Starting. Electric starter moteur or by hand crank, direct on to the moteur, – located at the front of the engine.
Air filter/Cleaner. Metallic element in oil – (dependent upon the element that can be oil surface coated).
Steering. By worm gear.
Oil Reservoir. 2.5 litres.
Gears. The three-speed gearbox is built within the engine offering 6 forward and 3 reverse gears. At extra cost you could buy a reducer gearbox that would allow you 12 gears/speeds instead of 6. This gives you more options for fast/rampantes, normal/normales, slow/lentes – for road work to grass cutting. Effectively a 6 speeds rapid and 6 speed slow/lente.
Speeds. 1st gear 2.5 kmph, 2nd gear 3.8 kmph, 3rd gear 5.8 kmph, 4th gear 8 kmph, 5th gear 12 kmph, 6th gear 20 kmph.
PTO/Prise de force. Located at the rear of the tracteur. Available in all 6 gears.
Reverse. 3 speeds are available in reverse depending upon the options.
Brakes/Freins. The 512 is equipped with drum brakes, independent or together by foot pedal. With hand pull brake.
Clutch. Single-disc dry/Mono disc sec, within the chassis casing. PTO; front (revolving at the speed of the engine), side and rear (turning between 125 and 1800 rp/m). Clutch engagement for the PTO systems. ( PTO rear and side options).
Exhaust/Silencer. Fitted in a frontal position, away from the driver.
Magneto. Either Morel or Lavalette type. (Allumage par magnéto à déclic, assurant un démarrage instantanné).
Wheels. 3 options; Pneumatic Tyre wheels front 400 x 15 and 8 x 24 Rear (Dunlop T 32 or Michelin CR). Wheel width is regular-able between in 9 stages between 0.53m and 1.15m. These widths are obtained by altering the wheels into different positions. Blockage is independent for each wheel. Wheel width is regular-able between in 9 stages between 0.53m and 1.15m. These widths are obtained by altering the wheels into different positions.
Brakes. On each rear wheel shoe type, pressure by manual foot pedals, independent that can be linked.
Hitch. 3 point lift manual, automatic or hydraulic type Dynabloc. (depending upon the option selected). Breveté system S.G.D.G. (patented in France and the UK) articulated strengthened with universal fitment to all ancillary equipment. Enabling the adjustment of draft and other characteristics required to operate the implements at different depths. The Dynabloc automatic was tested some 200 000, lifting 250kgs, without loss of lift capability.
Ploughing depth. Up to 12 ins (30.48 cms) dependent upon soil conditions.
Fuel consumption. 0.6 to 1.75 litres of fuel per hour dependent upon working conditions. the tank holds approx.13 litres. (Réservoir de carburant).
Weight. With no accessories 765 kgs. Then really depends on the tracteur set up. An example a tracteur with 8 x 24 tyres + S type relevage dynabloc = 910kgs. Alternatively with tyres full of water + 78 kgs and metal wheel weights + 92 kgs. = 1080 kgs. It depends on how you set the tracteur up for ploughing more weight and for lighter spraying (without 200 litres of fluid) – a lot less.
Turning circle/Angle of safe working. 1.80m, it was able to operate safely at a maximum angle of 30 degrees at a width of 0.85 m.
Dimensions. Length 2.35 m, width 0.85 m (85 cm, 90 cms, 95 cms, 100 cms, 105 cms, 110 cms and 120 cms), height to seat 0.85 m and height to steering wheel 1.25m. (Longueur totale 2.3 m, Largeur de 0.85 m, à 1.25 m Hauteur au volant). The model Vigneron has a width min. 0.85 m, with the normal model width of 1.26 m.These are different to the Energic 511 Mark 1 tracteurs just by small amounts; length + 15 cms height at steering wheel + 10 cms and so on. The model Fermier was also available with side protectors for crops, Bavlotes angularies, at an extra price.
Narrow Vigneron width formation, as narrow as 0.85m!
Electric pack. Starter, dynamo, with batterie 12v 45/60 amps/hour with the regulator. Operating lights, front and rear, brake lights, plug for trailer/remorque, sidelights and horn. All are operated from the front control panel.
PTO/Prise de force. Costs extra for all 500 series tractors. The rotation speed of the PTO/Prise de force (with Dynabloc); with the motor rotating at 2000 rpm is; 1st gear 250 tr/mn., 2nd gear 345 tr/mn., 3rd gear 500 tr/mn., 4th gear 700 tr/mn., 5th gear 1000 tr/mn., 6th gear 1440 tr/mn.
Other options include. 3 point lift hydraulic Dynabloc, rotivator/fraise, high pressure reservoir for the the treatment of fruit trees/pulvérisateur (haute pression pour le traitement des arbes fruitiers). Trailer/remorquages. Wheel weights. Poulies – diameter 180mm offering adaption perpendicular to the PTO. Hoe/cultivateur special 10 dents, winches.
Treuil, Faucheuse, Pulverisateur and Dynabloc. By the use of a crane or block and tackle lift and reversing the tracteur into position for mounting the adaptions/outils.
****Ploughs/charrues**** Brabant mono soc 1/4 turn versions cylindrical x 2 (25 and 30 cms), version 1/2 helicoidaux (20 cms) and other variations see below.
Energic tracteur 500 series with charrue brabant monosoc.
Bi-soc No 63 angled non-reversible plough. With 2 positions for the blades either normal or décvaillonneur.Also available in many models adapted for the type of agricultural requirement. such as the depth of plough, 25 or 30 cms. Types including Bec de Canard, soc ordinaire. Décavaillonneur was used for work on plantations etc.
Tri-soc No 68/ No 63 angled non-reversible plough. With 2 positions for the blades either normal or décvaillonneur.
3 soc/corps mounted on a chassis plough for vine work/viticulture.
****Plough Brabant 1/2 turn/tour****
Brabant 1/2 turn, Energic manufactured this plough with regularable width and depth of cut. It is necessary to extend the wheelbase/width outwards on the tracteur to facilitate this larger plough, for added stability. Here illustrated on a 512 tracteur above right. Brabants 1/4 turn where available in 25 cms and 30 cms plough depth forms in cylindriques. Brabants are also availlable in 1/4 turn 25 cms and 30 cms plough depth forms in Hélicoidaux (soc rocheux). Upon demand they can be bought in allonges de versoirs, bec de canard, rasettes, pleine soc, porte socs etc.
Hoe 5 socs on a chassis No 43. Chassis No 43 consists of a frame in the shape of a V, which is variable in width depending upon the use. Normal with 5 or 7 dents or long with 9 dents. It also can be used as a Cultivateur with 5, 7 or 9 dents that are semi-rigid. Or an Expirpateur the same with dents rigid. In the form of a Bineuse it would have 3 or 5 socs in normal form and 7 socs in long-form. The wheels can be altered to height or removed.
The first photo shows a smaller rear only positioned cultivateur that can be lifted when not in use. The other 9 or 10 dents with supporting wheels.For working on plantations or and full/only soil. The whole width of the tracteur is worked. Operated at slower speeds in plantations.
Available as retrofit in 2 positions, lateral or rear behind dynabloc or the PTO. It was regulable for height and angle. With 3 cuts within the model’s available Normale, Danoise and Intermediate.
The top is the Normale cut, the middle the Intermediaire and the bottom the Danoise cut. The distance between the digits being 75 mm, 50 mm and 37.5 mm respectively.
The blades were easily changed for maintenance or in case of breakage/replacement. The cutter/barre de coupe blade being 1.37m in width. The option could be fitted to all the Energic tracteur 500 series.
Branded Energic “Rotener”, patented S.G.D.G. for tracteurs with fast gearing. It was adapted to go behind Dynabloc’s PTO/prise de force. It was designed to condition the soil by rotating on its axis with power directly from the rear PTO. The depth of rotative penetration was automatic, with the width being regulated between 1 m and 1.20 m.
****Rear PTO output****
The PTO/prise de force can operate a pulley wheel of various diameters from 110 mm, 150 mm, 180 mm, to 210 mm. This system can operate external large equipment like combines, moissonneuse, manure distributors/ epandeur de fumier, cutting bars/barre de coupe etc., It can be operated through 6 speeds/gears and is operated stationary for pumps, saws, threshers etc. This PTO box pulley system is attached by 6 screws and can easily be placed or detached.
Maximum capacity of 200 litres, for the treatment of trees, shrubs, vines, fruit trees in all forms of agriculture large to small. The sprayer operates from 0 to 40 kg/cm2 pressure (3 pistons). This can be regulated depending upon the usage, treatment and product. It is operated directly from the PTO/prise de force and can spray through up to 3 lances.
****Rear lifts options*****
Type A Dynabloc automatic. Low maintenance, lifting capacity of 250 kgs, The PTO/Prise de force comes out of the back of the Dynabloc system when lifted out of the way. You can either tow from the chap/crochet on the dynabloc or the bar de outils. This system could be fitted to a narrow width of 511/2 as shown in the photo above. (Attelage type S)
Type B manual lift. Operated with a lever system pulling through gears and ratchet a cable to raise the towing hook for the ploughs etc. You could either pull the implements/outils directly behind the tracteur or set them at an angle to suit the type of agriculture, viticulture you were operating in.
Type C hydraulic lift/revelage hydraulique. Using a 3 point system – operating through the pressure of oil through the Dynabloc, that can be infinitely variable for height and pressure.
Model B from 1953 fitted with a winch/treuil option. (steel cable 100, 150 and 200 meters in length). The winch could be operated at 6 speeds. It was primary used in the following conditions; when the soil is very heavy (clay-based) when cutting the earth was impossible with a towed plough, when pulling very heavy loads/logs. The winch pulley pulls the cable from the side. It could be fitted with other ancillary equipment modified for specific use. Also, you could attach a hook/bar for towing.
The series 500 tracteurs could pull up to 3 tonnes, as long as the trailer/remorque had good brakes!
Modified rear hydraulic lift/pump
A selection of trusty Energic 512’s ready to work.
Ets. Patissier factory history see here/voir ici.
Read more about the Energic Motoculteur 410 here.
Read more about the Energic motoculteur 411 here.
Read more about the Energic 412 motoculteur here.
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