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Energic Motoculteur 409

Energic 409 Motoculteur available from 1945

Energic’s new concept of all in house design and manufactured multiculteur was worked on from the initial concept, drawing board to production prototypes between 1939 and 1940. The first full production model manufactured was the Energic 409 (500cc) 3V, which was of a complete in house design and manufacture. (This was after many early energic prototypes were field-tested including a Energic 407 motoculteur 5cv and 7cv with a smaller 350/400cc engine/moteur and 2 strokes). It was the first time Energic had manufactured its own engines as well as the chassis etc. A huge step forward for efficiency of production, costs etc. This also included design developments including the integration of all the component parts for the wheel clutches that overcame a historical problem in the earlier Energic C7 and D9 ranges before the war. (That of the ingress of mud, dirt etc, eroding the wheel hubs, clutch movement pins and general wear). Placing these parts internally meant they could be adequately lubricated and protected for the wear and tear of active duty.

I have seen an order dating from June 1942 for the New Energic 409 awaiting homologué, with information showing authorizations relating to the New 409 as early as 20 May 1941.

Order dating from June 1942 for the New Energic 409 motoculteur www.energic.info

Bon De Commande dated 1/3/1940 for an Energic D9.

Bon De Commande dated 1/3/1940 for a Energic D9 www.energic.info

Interestingly I have a Energic 409 “Manual entretien” dated and printed “May 1945“.

Energic May 1945 www.energic.info

And a Energic “catalogue des piéces détachées” dated 1946.

Energic Catalogue des pièces détachées 1946 www.energic.info Energic Catalogue des pièces détachées 1946 www.energic.info

This very early Energic 409 motoculteur model had an open trap door on top of the hood for access, in the initial design. This was dropped in later models as the Energic 409 evolved. Mr Patissier had looked at the overall design and had incorporated the strength and structures of the tractors of that time. With a strong chassis, engine and versatile multi-disc oil bath clutch this Energic motoculteur was the basis of all to follow. There were also numerous engineering solutions and innovations on these early machines, overcoming some of the fundamental problems inherent in the early Energic B5, C7 and D9 machines.

Energic motoculteur 409 early cross section www.energic.info

Energic motoculteur 409 early cross section.

Energic motoculteur 409 early model www.energic.info Energic motoculteur 409 specifications www.energic.info

Energic factory front view. www.energic.info

Energic factory front view.

Further early model photos;

Energic motoculteur 409 early model www.energic.info

Energic motoculteur 409 early model note the positioning of the plaque.

Energic motoculteur 409 early model www.energic.info

Close up of a very early Energic 409 plaque using the previous Energic models aluminium plaque and design seen on the Energic C7 and D9 models.

Energic motoculteur 409 early model www.energic.info

The Energic trap door access to the engine carburator.

Energic motoculteur 409 early model www.energic.info Energic motoculteur 409 early model www.energic.info Energic motoculteur 409 early model www.energic.info Energic motoculteur 409 early model www.energic.info

Energic motoculteur 409 early model www.energic.info

Energic motoculteur 409 early model inspection/trap door model.

Energic 409 motoculteur www.energic.info

Energic 409 motoculteur early model changed to the traditional red paint.

Energic 409 motoculteur www.energic.info

Energic 409 motoculteur early plaque.

Energic 409 motoculteur www.energic.info

This was followed by the Energic 411 motoculteur 11cv (700cc) in 1949/50 – seepage on the 411 motoculteur here.

Energic motoculteur 409 early model www.energic.info

Early order for a Energic motoculteur 409 26/11/1948.

Energic motoculteur 409 early model. energic.info

Energic motoculteur 409 early model with metal wheels.

Energic 409 motoculteur www.energic.info Energic 409 motoculteur www.energic.info

Engine. Single-cylinder Patissier engine, 9cv, 500cm3, air-cooled, four-stroke with enclosed Lateral valves (soupapes latérales).

Energic motoculteur 409 moteur. www.energic.info

Energic motoculteur 409 moteur.

Lubrication. By constant circulation of oil held within the sump of the engine, 3.5 litres. The circulation pressure being attained from crankcase compression.

Cooling. One large aluminium fan is mounted at the front of the engine, running on ball bearings. This system draws air into the hood circulating around the engine, ensuring cooling. this system was tested in extremely high temperatures and proved effective.

The New Energic motoculteur 409 www.energic.info The New Energic motoculteur 409 www.energic.info

Starting. By hand crank, either directly on to the motor, or via the multiplicateur. Both located at the front of the engine.

Magneto/Magnéto. Morel CT – 1 or Lavallete, as standard equipment (also Bosch and Novi brands were used between 1945 and the 1960s to a lesser extent).

The New Energic motoculteur 409 levers. www.energic.info

The motoculteur 409 operating 6 gears panel/levers.

Air filter/Cleaner. Metallic element – (dependent upon the element that can be oil surface coated).

Carburetor/Carburateur. Zenith 26 TH, standard. (later models sometimes had a Zenith 28 RXZ – first installed in the 511, 411 tracteurs and motoculteurs – as a replacement repair).

Energic Motoculteur 409 9cv Carburetor/Carburateur www.energic.info

Energic Motoculteur 409 9cv Carburetor/Carburateur Type Zenith (Lyon) 26TH.

Energic Motoculteur 409 9cv Carburetor/Carburateur Type Zenith (Lyon) 26TH www.energic.info Energic Motoculteur 409 9cv Carburetor/Carburateur Type Zenith (Lyon) 26TH www.energic.info Energic Motoculteur 409 9cv Carburetor/Carburateur Type Zenith (Lyon) 26TH www.energic.info Energic Motoculteur 409 9cv Carburetor/Carburateur Type Zenith (Lyon) 26TH www.energic.info

The Zenith 26TH carburettor stripped down to component parts.

Gears. The three-speed gearbox is built within the engine offering 2 variations s either 3 forward and 1 reverse or 6 forward and 3 reverse gears.

Energic motoculteur 409 Early brochure www.energic.info Energic 409 motoculteur 9cv www.energic.info

Reverse. 3 speeds are available in reverse depending upon the options. The application of reverse gear lifts the plough out of the ground. This is also used for manoeuvring the motoculteur.

Clutch. Multiple disc type immersed in oil, within the chassis casing. PTO; front (revolving at the speed of the engine), side and rear (turning between 125 and 1800 rp/m). ( PTO rear and side options).

Speeds. With 1st gear giving 1.81kmph, 2nd – 2.49kmph, 3rd – 3.39kmph, 4th 5.79kmph, 5th 7.74kmph and 6th gear giving 10.45kms per hour. @ 2000 rpm.

Exhaust/Silencer. Fitted in a frontal position, away from the driver.

Energic motoculteur 409 harrowing www.energic.info

Energic motoculteur 409 harrowing.

Energic motoculteur 409 ploughing www.energic.info

Energic motoculteur 409 ploughing.

Steering. Independent wheel clutches makes steering very easy. De-clutching one wheel, and using reverse gear allows the motoculteur to be turned in its own width without undue effort.

Wheels. 3 options; Pneumatic Dunlop CR Tyre wheels 750 x 18 for ploughing (labour) and 650 x 16 or T 32 for drilling ( Fraisage), metal paddle wheels and spud/rounded spikes metal wheels. (special smaller Marachère metal wheels of 50 cms could be additionally ordered for the adaption rotavator and 70 cms for ploughing). The blockage is independent for each wheel. Wheel width is regular-able between 64 cms and 85 cms in 9 settings. In metal wheels 53 cms to 83 cms.

Hitch. Articulated pivoted strengthened bar, Breveté system S.G.D.G. (patented in France and the UK), with universal fitment to all ancillary equipment. Enabling the adjustment of draft and other characteristics required to operate the implements at different depths.

Energic motoculteur 409 plowing www.energic.info

Energic motoculteur 409 ploughing, early model.

Energic motoculteur 409 cutting Hay. www.energic.info

Energic motoculteur 409 cutting Hay.

Ploughing depth. Up to 12 ins (30,48 cms) dependent upon soil conditions.

Fuel consumption. 1 1/4 to 1 1/2 litres of fuel per hour dependent upon working conditions. The tank holds approx. 9 litres.

Energic motoculteur 409 cutting Hay. www.energic.info

Energic motoculteur 409 cutting Harvesting.

Energic 409 motoculteur harvesting www.energic.info

Energic motoculteur 409 cutting Harvesting.

Energic 409 motoculteur with hay cutter. www.energic.info

Energic 409 motoculteur with hay cutter.

Dimensions. 2.6m long

Weight. 470/490kgs

Optional equipment for Energic motoculteur 409 models; Rotivator/Fraise, High pressure reservoir for the the treatment of fruit trees/pulvérisateur haute pression pour le traitement des arbes fruitiers. Trailer/remorquages.

Front and rear power take-off (PTO).

Energic 409 motoculteur 9cv PTO frontal www.energic.info

Energic belt power front.

Energic motoculteur 409 rear poer take off www.energic.info

Energic belt power rear set up.

Energic 409 motoculteur 9cv PTO frontal www.energic.info

PTO operating mechanics – front of the motoculteur;

Energic 409 motoculteur www.energic.info Energic 409 motoculteur www.energic.info Energic 409 motoculteur www.energic.info

Jauge d’huile du moteur.

Energic 409 motoculteur www.energic.info

Energic chassis, showing the strength of the design for the 409 motoculteur.

Energic 409 motoculteur brochure www.energic.info

Energic 409 motoculteur brochure.

***

Energic 409 model adaption options *********************

Energic 409. www.energic.info

Energic 409 implement selection.

*************

Bavolets protectors the sensible option in vineyard work;

After the war, the Energic 409 flagship motoculteur could be fitted with Bavolets for vine work (later available on the whole of the 400 series; 410, 411 and 412 motoculteurs). 3 types existed. No.1; just the wheel its self, No. 2; the leading edges on to the wheel and finally No. 3; the all-enveloping “envelopment” protector which streamlined the whole machine for easy passage through the vines and close orchard work. option 3 means that some of the lever control needed to be routed over the fuel tank.

Rotavator/Fraise Rotative

Energic series 400 motoculteur rotivator front view www.energic.info Energic series 400 motoculteur rotivator front view www.energic.info Energic series 400 motoculteur rotivator front view www.energic.info Energic motoculteur 409. www.energic.info Energic series 409 motoculteur rotivator www.energic.info Energic motoculteur 409. www.energic.info

This adaption can be mounted quickly onto a rear PTO of the Energic 409. The dents are 75 cms, with a width of 80 cms.

Energic Motoculteur 409 rotivator blades. www.energic.info

Energic Motoculteur 409 rotivator blades.

Energic series 400 motoculteur rotivator www.energic.info Energic series 400 motoculteur rotivator www.energic.info

Energic series 409 motoculteur rotivator www.energic.info

The extra weight was sometimes required in hard/compact soil to enable the rotavator to bite and not bounce on the tougher surfaces.

Spraying/Pulvérisation

Energic 409 motoculteur www.energic.info Energic 409 motoculteur spray set up www.energic.info

These high-pressure systems were used for spraying vines and fruit trees.

The system on the left-hand side (system 102) for clients with fruit trees. A tender of 200 litres, towed, operated from the PTO lateral could operate 2 lances at high pressure.

The system on the right-hand side (system 103) for clients with fruit trees and vines, it is very easy to assemble and separate from the motoculteur (10 seconds was the boast from Energic).. The towed unit is the sprayer and is independent when powered up from the motoculteur.

Hay/grass cutter/Fauchage.

Motoculteur 409 3v www.energic.info

Prototype Energic motoculteur 409 3v, with barre de coupe and supporting rear wheel. Outside the Factory in Villefranche.

Energic 409 motoculteur with grass cutter www.energic.info Energic 409 motoculteur www.energic.info Energic 409 motoculteur with grass cutter www.energic.info

This adaption was one previously used on animals (horses, cattle), here just supplying the pulling power with an Energic motoculteur.

Towing trailers/Remorquage

Energic motoculteur 409 Pulling hay www.energic.info

Energic 409 hay mover.

Energic 409 motoculteur towing www.energic.info Energic motoculteur 409 Pulling grain www.energic.info

Energic motoculteur abroad in Africa! www.energic.info

Energic motoculteur abroad in hotter climates.

Energic motoculteur abroad in Africa!

The following implements were available across the Energic 400 series starting on the Energic 409 of 1946 and used throughout the production history;

Cultivateurs/Extirpateur;

Energic 409/411 attachments - extirpateur www.energic.info

Energic motoculteur 409 www.energic.info Energic motoculteur 409 www.energic.info

Bineuse

Energic 409/411 attachments - binuese www.energic.info Energic 409/411 attachments - binuese www.energic.info Energic 409/411 attachments - binuese www.energic.info

Energic 409/411 attachments - binuese www.energic.info

Buttoir

Energic 409/411 attachments - buttoir www.energic.info Energic 409/411 attachments - buttoir www.energic.info Energic Buttoir plough 1 soc. www.energic.info

Specialist lifters and cutters

Energic 409/411 attachments - cutters paroir a allees www.energic.info Energic 409/411 attachments - potatoe lifter www.energic.info Energic 409/411 attachments - chassis www.energic.info Energic 409/411 attachments - chassis. www.energic.info

Ploughs;

Motoculteur 409 3v www.energic.info

Energic 409/411 attachments - decavaillonneuse www.energic.info Energic 409/411 attachments brabant www.energic.info

Energic 409/411 attachments pl;ough www.energic.info

Energic 409/411 attachments - binuese www.energic.info

Energic 409/411 attachments brabant No 3 www.energic.info Energic motoculteur 409 + plough. www.energic.info Energic 409/411 attachments brabant No 3 www.energic.info

Energic 409/411 attachments brabant No www.energic.info

Hitches/Attachments – sulkys

Energic 409/411 attachments - sulkys www.energic.info Energic 409/411 attachments - sulkys www.energic.info Energic 409/411 attachments - sulkys www.energic.info Energic motoculteur 409 attachment. www.energic.info Energic motoculteur 409 attachment. www.energic.info

Seed dispenser x 2

Energic 409/411 seed dispenser attachment. www.energic.info

Energic 409 seed dispenser attachment.

Energic Motoculteur 409, 9CV, converted to 4 wheels, Blockage differential, 3 speed forward and 1 reverse.

Energic motoculteur 409 adapted www.energic.info Energic motoculteur 409 adapted www.energic.info Energic motoculteur 409 adapted www.energic.info

Here is another oddball 409 with a Citroën motor!

Energic 409 conversion Citroën motor www.energic.info

Great stuff old 409 never dies they just get converted!

Energic 409 motoculteur www.energic.info Energic 409 motoculteur www.energic.info

Energic 409 motoculteur awaiting a restoration.

Fancy an electric start.

Energic motoculteur 409 www.energic.info Energic motoculteur 409 www.energic.info

Modified for an electric start. Just reverse the fuel tank then you have space for the battery!

Energic 409 motoculteur www.energic.info

Energic 409 motoculteur heath Robinson electric start option.

Energic 409 motoculteur www.energic.info

Energic 409 ready to come out of the barn.

Energic 409, ready to restart. www.energic.info

Energic 409, ready to restart.

Energic 409 motoculteur www.energic.info

Energic 409 power to be unleashed.

***Technical illustrations/machine breakdown from “Catalogue des pièces détachées” – parts manual***

Key;

  1. )Embiellage, 2) Cylindre, Décompresseur, Capot, Support, Pot d’échappement, 3) Carter moteur et distribution.

Energic technical drawings 409 motoculteur 1946 www.energic.info Energic technical drawings 409 motoculteur 1946 www.energic.info Energic technical drawings 409 motoculteur 1946 www.energic.info

4) Carter avant, Magneto, Pares-chocs, 5) Embrayage, 6) Pompe à huile.

Energic technical drawings 409 motoculteur 1946 www.energic.info Energic technical drawings 409 motoculteur 1946 www.energic.info Energic technical drawings 409 motoculteur 1946 www.energic.info

7) Ventilateur, 8) Boite des vitesses, 9) Couvercle de la boite des vitesses.

Energic technical drawings 409 motoculteur 1946 www.energic.info Energic technical drawings 409 motoculteur 1946 www.energic.info Energic technical drawings 409 motoculteur 1946 www.energic.info

10) Pont arrière, 11) Couvercle du pont arrière, 12) Réservoir d’essence et ses supports,

Energic technical drawings 409 motoculteur 1946 www.energic.info Energic technical drawings 409 motoculteur 1946 www.energic.info Energic technical drawings 409 motoculteur 1946 www.energic.info

13) Mancherons et commandes,14) Filtre à air, 15) Secteur d’attelage.

Energic technical drawings 409 motoculteur 1946 www.energic.info Energic technical drawings 409 motoculteur 1946 www.energic.info

16) Potence, 17) Port-outils, 18) Roues.

Energic technical drawings 409 motoculteur 1946 www.energic.info Energic technical drawings 409 motoculteur 1946 www.energic.info Energic technical drawings 409 motoculteur 1946 www.energic.info

19) Coffre à outils et outillage.

Energic technical drawings 409 motoculteur 1946 www.energic.info

Between 1940 and 1945 there were approx 100/150 motoculteurs manufactured, painted totally in light blue. After 1945 the colour scheme was altered to a beige/cream wheels permutation and the bodywork colour became the standard “Energic” More than 4300 Energic 409 Motoculteurs were manufactured from 1940 to the early 1960s, with serial numbers running from 3000 to approx., 7300. Many still are hard at work today ploughing, rotivating and working the earth as they did in the early 1940s.

Read more about the Energic Motoculteur 410 here.

Read more about the Energic motoculteur 411 here.

Read more about the Energic 412 motoculteur here.

Gallery;

Energic 409. www.energic.info Energic 409. www.energic.info Energic 409. www.energic.info Energic 409. www.energic.info Energic 409. www.energic.info Energic 409. www.energic.info Energic 409. www.energic.info Energic 409. www.energic.infoEnergic 409. www.energic.info

Energic 409. www.energic.info Energic 409. www.energic.info

***

See the previous model the Energic C7 & D9, 1932 to 1939 – here;

Read more about Energic motoculteur C7 B4L here.

Read more about Energic motoculteur D9 B5L here.

Read more about Energic motoculteur D9 S Bloc here.

Read more about Energic motoculteur C7 S Bloc here.

Read more about Energic model history here.

***

Energic Motor suppliers;

Read more about Energic Tracteur 519 T.M.D.Indenor engine/moteur here.

Read more about Energic Engine suppliers Ruggerini here.

Read more about Energic Engine/Moteur supplier Peugeot here.

Read more about Energic Sachs Engines/Moteurs here.

***

See more on Facebook page: www.facebook.com/energic.info

If you like my Facebook page then I can put more information on it./ Si vous aimez ma page Facebook, je peux mettre plus d’informations à ce sujet.

Energic 409. www.energic.info with sulky
Energic motoculteur 409 ready to retore, barn find.